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By Brian Gicheru Kinyua 02-26-2021 10:04:00 Tofo Reef, Mozambique, 2015 (Tchami / CC BY SA 2.0 / Link below) A great deal of academic literature exists on the Western Pacific’s “Coral Triangle,” detailing coral species diversity and distribution as well as bleaching effects caused by warm waters and climate change. The region – which includes the waters of Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands – has earned the moniker of the “Amazon of the Oceans” for its rich biodiversity. Civil society groups and researchers in the Asia-Pacific region have organized a well-coordinated effort to study and monitor these reefs, boosting the physical and academic prominence of the Coral Triangle. The area is also a magnet for divers and snorkelers around the world, who come to enjoy a pristine environment that supports unmatched diversity of reef fish and other marine life.
The Western Indian Ocean (WIO) along the African coastline has the second largest coral presence and diversity after the Coral Triangle. About 369 coral species have been named in this region, with the maximum concentration occurring in the northern Mozambique Channel, particularly near Nacala.
The Western Indian Ocean is fed by the east-west South Equatorial Current, […]